此篇文章为hack技巧,如果你不喜欢更改插件源代码,请不要继续阅读。

推荐使用gulp-rev + gulp-rev-collector是比较方便的方法,结果如下:

"/css/style.css" => "/dist/css/style-1d87bebe.css"    
"/js/script1.js" => "/dist/script1-61e0be79.js"    
"cdn/image.gif"  => "//cdn8.example.dot/img/image-35c3af8134.gif"

但是由于公司发布系统限制,如果用上面方法实现,每次更新都会积压过多过期无用的文件,我们预期效果是:

"/css/style.css" => "/dist/css/style.css?v=1d87bebe"
"/js/script1.js" => "/dist/script1.js?v=61e0be79"
"cdn/image.gif"  => "//cdn8.example.dot/img/image.gif?v=35c3af8134"

怎么破?改上面两个Gulp插件是最高效的方法了。

  1. 安装Gulp

    npm install --save-dev gulp

  2. 分别安装gulp-rev、gulp-rev-collerctor

    npm install --save-dev gulp-rev  
    npm install --save-dev gulp-rev-collector
    
  3. 打开node_modules\gulp-rev\index.js

    第133行 manifest[originalFile] = revisionedFile;
    更新为: manifest[originalFile] = originalFile + '?v=' + file.revHash;

  4. 打开nodemodules\gulp-rev\nodemodules\rev-path\index.js

    10行 return filename + '-' + hash + ext;
    更新为: return filename + ext;

  5. 打开node_modules\gulp-rev-collector\index.js

    31行 if ( path.basename(json[key]).replace(new RegExp( opts.revSuffix ), '' ) !== path.basename(key) ) {
    更新为: if ( path.basename(json[key]).split('?')0 !== path.basename(key) ) {

  6. 配置gulpfile.js, 可参考下面gulpfile.js代码

  7. 结果达到预期,如下:

    background: url('../img/one.jpg?v=28bd4f6d18');
    src: url('/fonts/icomoon.eot?v=921bbb6f59');
    
    href="css/main.css?v=885e0e1815"
    src="js/main.js?v=10ba7be289"
    src="img/one.jpg?v=28bd4f6d18"
    

package.json:

{
  "devDependencies": {
    "apache-server-configs": "2.14.0",
    "archiver": "^0.14.3",
    "del": "^1.1.1",
    "glob": "^5.0.5",
    "gulp": "^3.8.11",
    "gulp-autoprefixer": "^2.1.0",
    "gulp-changed": "^1.2.1",
    "gulp-csslint": "^0.1.5",
    "gulp-header": "^1.2.2",
    "gulp-if": "^1.2.5",
    "gulp-jshint": "^1.11.2",
    "gulp-less": "^3.0.3",
    "gulp-load-plugins": "^0.10.0",
    "gulp-minify-css": "^1.2.0",
    "gulp-minify-html": "^1.0.4",
    "gulp-rev": "^5.1.0",
    "gulp-rev-collector": "^1.0.0",
    "gulp-uglify": "^1.2.0",
    "gulp-util": "^3.0.6",
    "jquery": "1.11.3",
    "jshint": "^2.8.0",
    "jshint-stylish": "^2.0.1",
    "mocha": "^2.2.4",
    "normalize.css": "3.0.3",
    "run-sequence": "^1.0.2"
  },
  "engines": {
    "node": ">=0.10.0"
  },
  "h5bp-configs": {
    "directories": {
      "archive": "archive",
      "dist": "dist",
      "src": "src",
      "test": "test"
    }
  },
  "homepage": "",
  "license": {
    "type": "MIT",
    "url": ""
  },
  "name": "gulp-auto-version",
  "private": true,
  "scripts": {
    "build": "gulp build",
    "test": ""
  },
  "version": "1.0.0",
  "dependencies": {}
}

gulpfile.js

var gulp = require('gulp'),
    runSequence = require('run-sequence'),
    gulpif = require('gulp-if'),
    uglify = require('gulp-uglify'),
    less = require('gulp-less'),
    csslint = require('gulp-csslint'),
    rev = require('gulp-rev'),
    minifyCss = require('gulp-minify-css'),
    changed = require('gulp-changed'),
    jshint = require('gulp-jshint'),
    stylish = require('jshint-stylish'),
    revCollector = require('gulp-rev-collector'),
    minifyHtml = require('gulp-minify-html'),
    autoprefixer = require('gulp-autoprefixer'),
    del = require('del');


var cssSrc = ['main.less', 'layer-box.less', 'tag.less'],
    cssDest = 'dist/css',
    jsSrc = 'src/js/*.js',
    jsDest = 'dist/js',
    fontSrc = 'src/fonts/*',
    fontDest = 'dist/font',
    imgSrc = 'src/img/*',
    imgDest = 'dist/img',
    cssRevSrc = 'src/css/revCss',
    condition = true;

function changePath(basePath){
    var nowCssSrc = [];
    for (var i = 0; i < cssSrc.length; i++) {
        nowCssSrc.push(cssRevSrc + '/' + cssSrc[i]);
    }
    return nowCssSrc;
}

//Fonts & Images 根据MD5获取版本号
gulp.task('revFont', function(){
    return gulp.src(fontSrc)
        .pipe(rev())
        .pipe(gulp.dest(fontDest))
        .pipe(rev.manifest())
        .pipe(gulp.dest('src/rev/font'));
});
gulp.task('revImg', function(){
    return gulp.src(imgSrc)
        .pipe(rev())
        .pipe(gulp.dest(imgDest))
        .pipe(rev.manifest())
        .pipe(gulp.dest('src/rev/img'));
});

//检测JS
gulp.task('lintJs', function(){
    return gulp.src(jsSrc)
        //.pipe(jscs())   //检测JS风格
        .pipe(jshint({
            "undef": false,
            "unused": false
        }))
        //.pipe(jshint.reporter('default'))  //错误默认提示
        .pipe(jshint.reporter(stylish))   //高亮提示
        .pipe(jshint.reporter('fail'));
});

//压缩JS/生成版本号
gulp.task('miniJs', function(){
    return gulp.src(jsSrc)
        .pipe(gulpif(
            condition, uglify()
        ))
        .pipe(rev())
        .pipe(gulp.dest(jsDest))
        .pipe(rev.manifest())
        .pipe(gulp.dest('src/rev/js'));
});

//CSS里更新引入文件版本号
gulp.task('revCollectorCss', function () {
    return gulp.src(['src/rev/**/*.json', 'src/css/*.less'])
        .pipe(revCollector())
        .pipe(gulp.dest(cssRevSrc));
});

//检测CSS
gulp.task('lintCss', function(){
    return gulp.src(cssSrc)
        .pipe(csslint())
        .pipe(csslint.reporter())
        .pipe(csslint.failReporter());
});


//压缩/合并CSS/生成版本号
gulp.task('miniCss', function(){
    return gulp.src(changePath(cssRevSrc))
        .pipe(less())
        .pipe(gulpif(
            condition, minifyCss({
                compatibility: 'ie7'
            })
        ))
        .pipe(rev())
        .pipe(gulpif(
                condition, changed(cssDest)
        ))
        .pipe(autoprefixer({
            browsers: ['last 2 versions'],
            cascade: false,
            remove: false       
        }))
        .pipe(gulp.dest(cssDest))
        .pipe(rev.manifest())
        .pipe(gulp.dest('src/rev/css'));
});

//压缩Html/更新引入文件版本
gulp.task('miniHtml', function () {
    return gulp.src(['src/rev/**/*.json', 'src/*.html'])
        .pipe(revCollector())
        .pipe(gulpif(
            condition, minifyHtml({
                empty: true,
                spare: true,
                quotes: true
            })
        ))
        .pipe(gulp.dest('dist'));
});

gulp.task('delRevCss', function(){
    del([cssRevSrc,cssRevSrc.replace('src/', 'dist/')]);    
})

//意外出错?清除缓存文件
gulp.task('clean', function(){
    del([cssRevSrc ,cssRevSrc.replace('src/', 'dist/')]);
})

//开发构建
gulp.task('dev', function (done) {
    condition = false;
    runSequence(
         ['revFont', 'revImg'],
         ['lintJs'],
         ['revCollectorCss'],
         ['miniCss', 'miniJs'],
         ['miniHtml', 'delRevCss'],
    done);
});

//正式构建
gulp.task('build', function (done) {
    runSequence(
         ['revFont', 'revImg'],
         ['lintJs'],
         ['revCollectorCss'],
         ['miniCss', 'miniJs'],
         ['miniHtml', 'delRevCss'],
    done);
});


gulp.task('default', ['build']);